The Contemplative Landscape Model (CLM) was developed by our scientists to measure and define the subjectivity in landscape aesthetics. Utilizing 7 categories to rank any given landscape view.
What's considered as aesthetic is often instinctual, yet what makes it so often overlooked. Take a look outside and you'll see how easy it is for the CLM to be applied in the urban outdoor spaces we live in (for example Singapore’s HDB estates).
The CLM is featured in the book Nature, Place & People. It can be found here.